The Human Mosaic : A cultural Approach to Human Geography, 12th edition. Please summarize chapter 5.
Chapter Five is entitled "Geographies of Race and Ethnicity: Mosaic or Melting Pot?" I absolutely love the bias of the first line:
One of the enduring stories that the people of the United States proudly tell themselves is that "ours is an immigrant nation."
This statement is followed up by a map of exactly how many people were "foreign-born" in the United states in 2009. Except for immigrants from Latin America, there aren't so many immigrants. And although the "immigrant nation" idea from the Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island days of the previous century still call to us, the truth is that immigration here (as well as elsewhere) has changed a lot.
This chapter focuses on how a true melting pot would be everyone blended together while a mosaic still consists of small parts. The example given is the town in Nebraska that is so very proud of its Swedish heritage.
Homeland populations usually exhibit a strong sense of attachment to the region. Most homelands belong to indigenous ethnic groups and include special, venerated places that serve to symbolize and celebrate the region--shrines to teh special identity of the ethnic group.
Further, there is a candid discussion on what the word "race" really means. There is actually a visual graphic of each of the four main races in the United States: white, black, Hispanic, and Asian. Much of this depends on the region.
There is also a discussion on "Ethnic Neighborhoods and Racialized Ghettos" and their influence on urban culture. In this section there is also a very interesting map about of the particular ancestries with the largest population in all of the regions of the United States. A few unsurprising facts gleanable from looking at this map is that Hispanics make up a large segment of the population along the southern border, African-Americans make up a large segment of the population along the east coast (migrating westward), and French speaking people make up a large segment of the population along the northern border. There is also a specific map of the Asian population done by region. (Most likely because California is closest to Japan, it still has the highest number of Asians.) There is also a similar specific map for the Hispanic population and the white population and the black population.
Finally, there is a specific section about anti-immigration, especially in regards to the Hispanic and Arab communities. Due to the huge influx of Hispanic immigrants, this type of discrimination has now penetrated the political landscape.