The Human Mosaic: A cultural approach to human Geography 12th edition. Please summarize chapter 2.
Chapter two of The Human Mosaic is called "Many Worlds: Geographies of Cultural Difference." Of course, this chapter is about cultural differences. It looks at the difference between material culture and nonmaterial culture as well as folk culture, etc.
Material culture includes all objects or "things" made and used by the members of a cultural group. ... Nonmaterial culture includes the wide range of beliefs, values, myths, and symbolic meanings that are transmitted across generations of a given society.
There is a neat map of "folk cultural survival regions" that shows some interesting cultural differences and where they are located on our United States map. And even "folk geography" which is defined as follows:
The study of the spacial patterns and ecology of these traditional groups.
Then the chapter delves into popular culture and, as always, the editors of The Human Mosaic are brilliant at including current photos of celebrities and such. There is a map of restaurant sales and a large section about popular music. In regards to this, the editors focus quite a lot on Elvis Presley and how his life and music influenced America. Further, there is another map of Elvis popularity done by geography. The deep south, with Memphis being the highest of course, tops the list. Departing a bit from popular culture, the editors now focus on Native American cultures and how they are not dispersed widely throughout the country, but are forced onto small plots of land (very evident in the maps here).
In the United States and Canada, this geographic pattern of marginalization is particularly evident.
From here, the editors leave the United States arena and begin focusing on these same kinds of cultural differences in both Europe and the rest of the world.