Without doubt, human freedom has been denied throughout the history of mankind from the enslavement of the Irsaelites by the Egyptians up to modern times in which slavery yet exists as well as totalitarian governments such as in Italy and Germany at the time of World War II, as well as in countries such as South America, Africa, and the Middle East. Certainly, the government of 1984 denies people the freedom of information by altering history, the freedom of thought by eliminating and manipulating words, the communicable expression of thoughts, through the creation of Newspeak.
The character of Julia represents the spirit of rebellion. She is a threat to the state because she wishes to express herself freely and think independently. In Part Two she tells Winston that any kind of organized revolt would be inane; "the clever thing to do is to break the rules and stay alive all the same." Julia is alive and passionate, unlike Winston's wife Katherine, who merely goes through copulation once a week in a frigid ceremony dubbed their "duty to the Party." Julia possesses one freedom--that of her mind which the Party cannot control. For, she surreptitiously does as she pleases, purchasing real tea and sugar on the black market, obtaining make-up, and arranging the rendez-vous between Winston and herself. But, during their affair Winston and Julia know that it cannot last.
There were times when the fact of impending death seemed as palpable as the bed they lay on, and they would cling together with a sort of despairing sensuality....Often they gave themselves up to daydreams of escape....To hang on from day to day...seemed an unconquerable instinct....
Julia's freedom emanates from the strength of her mind. With the exercise of her mind, Julia achieves a certain freedom of thought, despite the intellectual repression of her society. For instance, in Chapter 5 of Part Two, she contradicts Winston who speaks of the war against Eurasia, saying that the war is really not happening. In addition, she demonstrates her independent mind when she says that she can barely avoid laughing aloud during the two-minute hate session. However, the older Winston has to jog her memory about which country with which they have been at war because of all the propaganda.
Winston's associate Syme vanishes and becomes an "unperson." As he talks with O'Brien, Winston is tricked into committing "thought crime."
He had the sensation of stepping into the dampness of a grave, and it was not much better because he had always known that the grave was there and waiting for him.
Winston's efforts of freedom of thought prove futile against the power of Big Brother, who denies freedom.