Question about the Constitution, British monarchy, and the Articles of Confederation. Please see below.
How do the principles of government expressed in the Constitution reflect both the founders’ fear of the powerful British monarchy as well as their desire to address the weaknesses of the central government under the Articles of Confederation?
The Constitution was meant to be a middle ground between the British monarchy and the Articles of Confederation. The British monarchy was a government that was too centralized and powerful. Under the Articles of Confederation, the US had a national government that was too weak and decentralized. The Constitution attempted to find a balance between these two extremes.
To do this, the Constitution created a federal system. This system had a national government that was quite a bit stronger than it had been under the Articles. At the same time, though, certain powers were reserved to the states. This reduced the risk of the central government tyrannizing the states as had been done when the British monarchy ruled the American colonies.
This federal system (in addition to the checks and balances written into the design of the federal government) was meant to reach a middle ground between two extremes that did not work very well.