A major component of writing a good oral presentation is being aware of the difference between oral and written discourse. Because oral discourse does not allow backward scanning, it requires very clear structure and a certain amount of redundancy. make sure to set out your main points clearly and use metadiscourse to keep your audience situated. For example, start out by saying "I have 3 main points ..." and then identify "My first point is ...", "My second point ..."., etc. People may also find it easier to follow a speech if you use visuals such as slides or Powerpoints. Make sure to read a draft of your paper aloud to yourself before you present it, to make sure it flows well when spoken.