God is presented as being all-powerful and all-knowing, aware of all the shortcomings and misdeeds of humanity as a whole and of every individual person. God set out expectations for the ways in which people were to act, and God is "an angry God" because those ways have not been followed. "Restrained by no obligation, hindered by no manner of difficulty," God is under no limiting factor or force when undertaking to punish those who have sinned.
Edwards describes humanity as already being lost. The sinful nature of man has sealed the condemnation to hell of the souls of all those who have lived, who live now, or who will live in the future.
They are already under a sentence of condemnation to hell...the sentence of the law of God, that eternal and immutable rule of righteousness that God has fixed between him and mankind, is gone out against them, and stands against them; so that they are bound over already to hell...'tis the place that justice, and God's Word, and the sentence of his unchangeable law assigns to him.
In Jesus Christ, Edwards discloses the "extraordinary opportunity" presented to escape from the condemnation to the terrors of Hell. According to Edwards, Jesus "stands in the door calling and crying with a loud voice to poor sinners," pleading with those who are doomed to convert, to accept the saving grace of "him that has loved them and washed them from their sins in his own blood." By coming to Christ, by renouncing sin and taking a firm hold of the promises offered by Christ, one may achieve salvation from eternal damnation.