I would describe the main conflict in this story as one existing between character and society. The narrator tells us that all young people are informed of and offered the opportunity to go and see the miserable child upon whom all their happiness rests. Many feel anger at the injustice of the child's horrible existence, and a few choose to leave the community and never return, either then or even later, after they've become adults and had more time to consider the situation.
Each of the citizens of Omelas, to my mind, fills in as the protagonist while society, a society which has tacitly decided to continue with this arrangement, becomes the antagonist. When faced with the community's decision to enjoy complete contentedness at the price of one child's abject misery, each citizen must decide whether they can live with this decision and themselves, should they decide to accept the benefits it confers.
The conflict in this story is a philosophical one. The conditions in the community of...
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