I think that one of the strongest ways to describe Bruno's character is that he is transcendent. Bruno is a non- conformist, unable to embrace how a world around him is in love and enamored with Nazism and Nazi ideals. Bruno's character is one that seeks to transform what is into what can be. This is evident in different points, such as finding out more about Maria or understanding Pavel in a different light. His friendship with Shmuel is the best example of how Bruno wishes to transform what is into what can be. He is not one to be content with how reality is constructed, and is always seek to broaden his own horizons of how reality can be. When told not to go to the end of the fence, Bruno does. Bruno's characterization is described constantly in the book through terms that shows him to be one who wishes to expand his own imagination and his sense of understanding about the world with his place in it. He is shown to be a character who transcends the condition of what is and moves into what can be. With his sacrifice at the end of the novel and one that dawns on all of his family as to what he did, this becomes confirmed as a permanent part of his characterization.