How would you account for the contrast in Marlowe's Dr. Faustus? On one hand, it is in a morality play structure and guides you not to follow the example of Dr. Faustus, and on the other hand, it praises Faustus as a Renaissance man, asserting his right to explore forbidden areas of knowledge. 

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The real contrast is in the interpretation of the ending.  Does Faustus’ fate fit the medieval view that his damnation is justified, or does it fit the Renaissance view that he was heroic for pursuing forbidden knowledge?  It is similar to a morality play, but it is actually a Renaissance play.  It isn’t so much that he seeks forbidden knowledge that causes his damnation to be justified; it is what he did with that knowledge.  He used it to amuse himself and earn the favor of the upper echelons of society.  He also went about gaining the knowledge in an evil way, by making a pact with the devil.  He had chances to repent and save his soul at the end, and didn’t.  He had the opportunity to do great things for humanity, but squandered the opportunity.

So, in terms of being a morality play, you wouldn’t want to follow Faustus’ example of being a selfish jerk.  In terms of his right to explore forbidden knowledge, he was heroic.  In the view of many scholars, he was not damned because of his pursuit of knowledge, but rather how he went about seeking it, as well as the way he wasted it.

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