How would the various sociological perspectives explain divorce?
Divorce, in any aspect, can be detrimental to all involved. A traditional nuclear family consists of man, woman, and children and divorce less given. Present day, divorce is expected and is common in almost one-half the marriages. However, there are sociological views that attempt to explain divorce in its present perspective.
The first view is the functionalist perspective which is in a macro view. Functionalist would lay blame on society and not on the individuals involved in the situation. They feel that society or institutions have not provided adequate instruction for couples as well as feeling couples need to conform to a higher standard of society. Their view focuses on communication, cohesiveness, and uniformity.
The second view symbolic interactionist position. This view is based on micro view such as looking at the individuals involved rather than blaming or viewing society as fault. It is their view that choices are influenced from learned behavior and divorce is a result of the couple being influenced by friends and family.
The third view, the conflict theory, looks at the expense of divorce as well as who will benefit from it when taken into consideration the attorney fees, alimony and court fees. It also posits that the couple will suffer financially, the government will benefit from taxes and society is faulted for the divorce and the couples or individuals are taking the easy way out.
The fourth view, communitarian perspective, is based upon a combination of communism and capitalism. The communitarists focus on creating a connection or partnership with the community, government, and private sectors. They are more concerned with moral culture that teaches traditional values which is taught through the church, would correct the rising divorce rate.
In conclusion, as stated, divorce can destroy individuals involved mentally, emotionally, as well as psychologically.