How would a food surplus affect the following...?How would a food surplus allow for people to develop a society by having time to trade?How would a Food Surplus allow people to create a formal...

How would a food surplus affect the following...?

How would a food surplus allow for people to develop a society by having time to trade?

How would a Food Surplus allow people to create a formal government?

How would a food Surplus affect the Military?

Expert Answers
adrigon eNotes educator| Certified Educator

1) Food surplus allows for people to develop a society by having time to trade because it means that all people may be fed, and extra food may be stored, sold, and traded. Moreover, if people's basic needs are met, they may turn their attention to more constructive things, like building and shaping a society, travel, and trading for higher-level things, like technology, in order to help build the society.

2) A food surplus might actually hinder the creation of a formal government, since formality is a way of organizing against desperation. However, if everyone is fed, they might be more rational when forming a Constitution and put more thought into their long-term needs.

3) A food surplus would, in other countries, mean less of a need for military, since there would be less unrest and less need to attack or defend against other (presumably hungry) countries. In America and certain other 1st world civilisations, though, a food surplus would mean it would be cheaper to maintain a larger army, since part of the cost could now be covered by the surplus. Also, the surplus could create more military jobs in terms of creating national food stores and guarding them.