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How would biosocial theories explain the high levels of violent crime in lower class areas?

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Olen Bruce eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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Biosocial theories of crime look at both the biological and social determinants of crime, as well as their interaction. In other words, this field of criminology looks at the way in which people are influenced both by what they are born with and the way in which their genetic inheritance interacts with their environment.

For example, some researchers in this field believe that a tendency toward aggression is inherited. In other words, people whose parents are more likely to show aggressive behaviors are themselves more likely to show these behaviors (both because the behaviors are learned and because the person's body reacts to stress in this way). Some people, for example, have lower levels of stress hormones, and these lower levels of stress hormones make them less likely to be fearful of the consequences of crimes. In a lower-income area, people are subjected to much greater stresses, including environmental factors such as noise, violence, instability in their living situation, and...

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