How do we describe the mood of the poem?

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Payal Khullar eNotes educator| Certified Educator

When we talk about the “mood” of poetry or of any other kind of literary work, for that matter, we refer to its overall atmosphere. The mood or atmosphere of a literary work is closely related to the arousal of a requisite emotion or feeling amongst the readers. Many poetic elements play a significant role in defining the mood of poetry. The most important one is usually the language of poetry or poetic diction. Hence, a poet may use certain words in his poem that may make the mood of the poem depressing, gruesome, cheerful, etc. In case of narrative poems, the poet might also make use of a certain “setting” to achieve this effect. While analysing the mood of a poem, one should also consider some other elements like tone, voice, rhythm and theme.