How is the woman servant able to identify Odysseus? in what way and how is she able to identify him

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The scar is from a wound received from a wild boar . Homer digresses immediately after Eurycleia recognizes the scar and tells the story of how Odysseus went hunting while on a visit to his maternal grandfather. The same wound becomes important on two other occasions. It is how Odysseus reveals himself to Eumaios and Philoitios before the Battle in the Hall (Book XXII) and to his father (Book XIV).

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By a scar above his knee. The servant, Eurycleia, had raised the boy who is now a man. Assigned the duty of bathing the guests, she recognizes this unique scar and puts the pieces together. You will find this scene in Book XIX

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