How is Winston affected by the abuse of power?

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The abuse of power by the state forces Winston to take increasingly dangerous risks. As well as embarking upon an illicit relationship with Julia, Winston allows himself to become embroiled in what he thinks is a plot to overthrow the government. All this is because Winston, deep down, is still an individual—a human being with his own thoughts and feelings despite the efforts of the Party to turn him into an unthinking automaton.

He bridles against the systemic abuse of power, of which he's just one of many victims, and he is always on the lookout for ways of resisting the regime and its tyranny. Whether it's writing "Down with Big Brother" in his diary or engaging in the very risky acts we've already mentioned, Winston's instinctive reaction to the abuse of power is to rebel. In a society where nothing less than complete conformity is expected, this is very rare indeed. It's also dangerously subversive and eventually leads to Winston's being broken by the Party.

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Winston, in many ways, is the perfect embodiment of 1984's themes about oppression because when you actually look at the character in question, you are observing someone who's already been worn down by that oppression by the time that the story has begun. While he resents the party and struggles against it, he's never an actual threat to it. In fact, much of his rebellion was orchestrated by O'Brien himself.

The final part of 1984 follows Winston as he is tortured by O'Brien. Here we see him being pushed towards and past his breaking point, and it is here that we also learn the ultimate motivation which drives the party to act as it does: it seeks the complete subjugation of the human spirit. In this, Winston again serves as an embodiment for the book's thematic content because this is precisely what has happened to him by the book's final pages: all resistance has been crushed, and he has been left a shell of himself, broken by the Party.

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The whole government in 1984 is one big abuse of power.  The Party takes so much control over people's lives that it is not even funny.  This is how Winston is affected -- he is oppressed by all the power that the government has over him.

Winston wants to have thoughts of his own but the government will not let him think openly.  He wants to have true memories, but the government controls what the past is.  He wants to have feelings for other people.  Again, the government will not let him.

So everything Winston wants is denied to him because the Party is abusing its power.

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