In Lord of the Flies, how and why is Piggy a scapegoat in this world?

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mizzwillie | Middle School Teacher | (Level 1) Senior Educator

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In the novel Lord of the Flies, Piggy is an overweight, asthmatic boy who reasons things out and supports an adult approach to the problems of the island.  He is the one who suggests how to use the conch which helps keep order and democratic rule in the meetings.  Ralph uses Piggy's glasses to start the signal fire which is their one hope of rescue. Piggy is the one to suggest moving the signal fire to the beach where it will be more visible.   Because Piggy is now on an island where physical prowess is rated higher than his intellectual reasoning, he is often laughed at or made fun of in  some way.  Piggy represents the civilized world where rules are followed and sanity prevails.  Jack, representing the lawlessness happening on the island, eventually breaks one of Piggy's lenses and steals the other, leaving Piggy blind and helpless in this deteriorating world.  Jack gives Roger permission to break the rules from the old world of home, and Roger pushes a huge rock down on Piggy, killing him and destroying the conch of law and order. Now the voice of reason and civilized behavior is gone. 


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