The Conservative Resurgence

Start Free Trial

How and why did religious institutions change in the U.S. during the 1970s?

Expert Answers

An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

The 1970s saw a massive change in the religious practices and participation of people in the United States.   There were a variety of reasons for these changes including the Vietnam War, the rise of Second Wave Feminism and the advent of the birth control pill which shifted attitudes about sex.  Other reasons for changes in religion were due to the enormous growth the Evangelical movement and the beginnings of televangelism. Catholics were affected by the release of Vatican II and Jews by the Yom Kippur War. There were very few people of faith for whom the 70s were not a radical time of change.

While churches began to see declines in membership and attendance in the 1970s, the attrition actually began happening in the 1950s, not long after the end of World War II.  When the Vietnam conflict began in 1956, later escalating to a full-fledged war, many church leaders and members became outspoken detractors of American intervention and involvement.   Many Republican church-goers also...

(The entire section contains 560 words.)

Unlock This Answer Now

Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this answer and thousands more. Enjoy eNotes ad-free and cancel anytime.

Start your 48-Hour Free Trial
Approved by eNotes Editorial Team