How and where is zeugma used in The Great Gatsby?

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Zeugma is when a verb or adjective carries the weight of more than one noun. Fitzgerald uses it at the beginning of the novel when Nick says he "had" a dog, an "old Dodge" and a "Finnish woman" to cook and clean for him. This has the effect of reducing the Finnish woman to yet another possession of Nick's and undercuts the assertions he has made about  social conscience on the previous page. He may say that he recognizes that not everyone has had the same advantages he has, but he can also be just as dismissive of the "help" as a Daisy or a Tom. This novel was based on a Roman satire, the Satyricon, and Fitzgerald more than once satirizes Nick's blind spots as much as Nick does Gatsby's when he pokes fun at him for saying San Francisco is in the midwest.

Fitzgerald uses zeugma as well to hold oppositions in tension. For example, some of Daisy's complexity comes out in the zeugma that is part of Nick's early description of her: her face "was sad and lovely with bright things in it." The...

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