How and when did the Mexican Revolution end?

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pohnpei397 | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

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The exact date that the Mexican Revolution ended is hard to pin down.  The fighting did not end abruptly.  Rather, it sort of petered out long after the winning side in the Revolution had created the Constitution of 1917 and set up a new government.

The Mexican Revolution began as a way to try to oust the government of Porfirio Diaz, who had held autocratic power over the country for roughly 35 years when the Revolution started in 1910.  There were many different revolutionary leaders and the revolutionary movement was not always united.  This can be seen in the fact that, although Diaz was overthrown in 1911, the fighting did not end for years.  After Diaz left office, Francisco Madero took over.  He ruled only briefly and was ousted in a coup and then murdered in early 1913.  Victoriano Huerta became the next president, only to be overthrown himself in 1914.  At that point, Venustiano Carranza became president. 

The fighting did not stop after Carranza took power.  Instead, other would-be leaders like Emiliano Zapata and Francisco “Pancho” Villa continued to vie for power.  As time went by, Carranza’s military wore down the forces of the other leaders.  This led to the creation of the Constitution of 1917, which was something of a consensus between the leaders.  Some people say that the Revolution ended with the creation of the Constitution.

Others place the ending of the Revolution in 1920.  This was the year in which Villa officially stopped fighting and gave up his attempt to gain leadership of the country.  While some violence continued for years, this was the end of major military conflict.

So, we can say that the Mexican Revolution ended in either 1917 or 1920.  It ended with the installation of a new government under the Constitution of 1917.  This government  would rule Mexico as a virtual one-party state until Vicente Fox won the election of 2000.

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