The 1950s was a complex decade when it comes to the role of women.
Of course, the main role of women in the eyes of society was that of wife and mother. The '50s was the decade of the Baby Boom and suburbanization. This meant that many women's lives revolved around taking care of their children and their husband.
On the other hand, things were changing. During this decade, divorce rates rose a bit. In addition, the number of women working outside the home increased. By the end of the decade 40% of women who had husbands and school-age children were working outside the home. This goes very much against our vision of the '50s as a time when women's only role was to stay home. It is important to note, however, that the vast majority of working women at that time were in menial jobs.