How were the problems in the story resolved? 

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The problems in The BFG are resolved in a manner in which the needs and concerns of different sides of the conflict are taken into consideration and addressed. Rather than destroying the cannibalistic giants, the Big Friendly Giant figures out a way to help the giants live happily and thrive...

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The problems in The BFG are resolved in a manner in which the needs and concerns of different sides of the conflict are taken into consideration and addressed. Rather than destroying the cannibalistic giants, the Big Friendly Giant figures out a way to help the giants live happily and thrive without hurting the children. The children are saved by the solution that the Big Friendly Giant enacts in which the cannibal giants are given an area to live in which they are provided with food and shelter while also not being able to go steal and eat the children. Through the Big Friendly Giant approaching the main problem of the novel through compassion, he is able to find a solution in which all characters are able to have their needs met, which results in a happy ending of the novel.

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There are several problems in The BFG by Roald Dahl, all of which are resolved by the ending. The first is that of Sophie, a young orphan who is kidnapped by the BFG. On the one hand she likes him, and wishes him no harm, but she also wants to return to human society. 

The second problem is that of the cannibalistic giants who are stealing young children and eating them. The BFG isn't strong enough to defend children from them. The giants are planning to abduct a mass of children from their schools. 

Finally, there is the problem of finding food (other than children) which is palatable. 

The solution involves the BFG sending a dream to the Queen of England and then having Sophie explain the dream to the Queen. With the help of the Queen and the Army, Sophie and the BFG thwart the plot of the cannibals and are providing food and housing where they can live safely and happily on the palace grounds.

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