Industrial Revolution Questions and Answers

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How did industrialization in Britain and the United States differ during the Industrial Revolution?

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The Industrial Revolution occurred earlier in Britain than it did in the United States; therefore, the industrialization of Britain, which took place from approximately the 1770s to the 1820s, is generally referred to as the First Industrial Revolution. During this period, production turned from using manual processes to using machine processes. The major sources of power were steam and coal, and the processes were centered on improving the efficiency of the textile industry. As a result, a managerial middle class and capitalist owner class were created as well as a large urbanized working class.

The Industrial Revolution occurred in the United States at a later time (approximately 1840s-1910s) and is often referred to as the Second Industrial Revolution. The creation of steel was essential to the new technology that emerged during this revolution, including the construction of railroads and later, early forms of the car. This later revolution used not only steam power but also petroleum...

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