There were not really all that many similarities between these colonies. The major similarity, of course, was that both colonies were subordinate to the British. Both sets of colonies were ruled by governors appointed by the British, for example.
But there were many more differences. Two of the most important of these were:
- Most of the people going to Virginia were single people who were there to work on plantations. Many of them were not free. By contrast, most of the people who went to New England went as whole families who were there to create small farms for themselves.
- The Virginia colony was settled by people who were there mainly for economic reasons. By contrast New England colonies were settled more by people who wanted to run colonies according to their own religious beliefs.