How were Akkad and Babylon alike and different?

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Both Akkad and Babylon were part of the ancient Akkadian empire, which lasted about 180 years in the historical region of Mesopotamia. Babylon was built on the Euphrates River whereas recent research has indicated that Akkad was most likely located on the Tigris. Akkad was the capital city of the...

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Both Akkad and Babylon were part of the ancient Akkadian empire, which lasted about 180 years in the historical region of Mesopotamia. Babylon was built on the Euphrates River whereas recent research has indicated that Akkad was most likely located on the Tigris. Akkad was the capital city of the Akkadian empire, however, Babylon was the most populous city in the world. After its fall, the southern part of their shared empire became Babylonia, and the northern part became Assyria. Both Babylon and Akkad spoke Semitic languages and used the ancient writing of cuneiform. They shared a distinct commonality in that most of the information we have today of the two cities is from reading the cuneiform texts, biblical references, and ancient historical writing—mainly by Herodotus. Single leaders ruled both Akkad and Babylon, notably Sargon and King Nebuchadnezzar respectively.

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The ancient cities of Akkad and Babylon were both in Mesopotamia and located near the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. They also spoke the same language (Akkadian) but with some regional differences, much as the North and South in the US have. Another good similarity is that they were both empires, ruled from a central seat of power by a single ruler.

When it comes to differences, the location of Babylon is known to this day, whereas there is no definite proof of exactly where Sargon’s capital of Akkad was. Babylon under Hammurabi was more of a society of laws than Akkad. Each had its own main deity, with the Mother Goddess in Akkad and Marduk in Babylon.

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