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To the reader, Mr. Gilmer does not prove Tom’s guilt at all. We know that, as Atticus said, no evidence was presented that Robinson raped Mayella. Yet Mr. Gilmer does convince the jury that Tom Robinson is an uppity black boy who doesn’t know his place, and that is why they convict him.
Most readers who are not racist will assume that the jury will acquit Tom Robinson once they learn that he is crippled and could not have physically committed the crime.
"The state has not produced one iota of medical evidence to the effect that the crime Tom Robinson is charged with ever took place. (ch 20)
Mr. Gilmer, on the other hand, does establish one case. Tom Robinson makes the fatal error when he says he felt sorry for Mayella.
The witness realized his mistake and shifted uncomfortably in the chair. But the damage was done. Below us, nobody liked Tom Robinson's answer. Mr. Gilmer paused a long time to let it sink in. (ch 20)
This is really the only evidence Mr. Gilmer needed to present to the jury. It does not matter that Robinson was innocent of rape or that the rape never happened. They convict Tom Robinson of feeling sorry for a white woman.
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