How do we know the climate of a particular place?

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When we talk about the climate of an area, we generally mean parameters such as temperature, rainfall and/or snow, humidity, etc. For scientific purposes, we also talk about factors such as atmospheric pressure, particle count (particulate matter), UV index, etc. One point to note here is that climate gives us...

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When we talk about the climate of an area, we generally mean parameters such as temperature, rainfall and/or snow, humidity, etc. For scientific purposes, we also talk about factors such as atmospheric pressure, particle count (particulate matter), UV index, etc. One point to note here is that climate gives us an idea of the long-term behavior of these parameters. That is, how much rainfall or snow a region generally gets, what the average, minimum and maximum temperatures are during particular months, etc. Climate is determined by taking long duration data (a few years worth, at the very least) from a meteorological department and other related agencies and deriving conclusions from such data. 

For a layman (especially while planning travel), we can check the climate of a region in terms of simple parameters (such as temperature, rainfall, etc.) online. There are a number of websites where the typical climate patterns are available for tourists and travelers.

Hope this helps. 

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