How was the Industrial Revolution linked to imperialism?

The Industrial Revolution was linked to imperialism in that the Industrial Revolution created a demand for more raw materials and additional markets in which to sell products, which countries acquired by taking control of or influencing other countries. The Industrial Revolution also made imperialism more effective by allowing for increased military power and better weapons and ships.

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As the Industrial Revolution took hold, Europeans realized that their new factories, which were growing ever more efficient, could process vast amounts of raw material in a very short time. The problem was getting sufficient supplies of raw material to feed the industrial machine. For example, the many cotton mills in England could go night and day processing cotton into cloth at high speed, but they needed quite a lot of raw cotton to do so.

To help with this, England developed "ties" with other countries (i.e., they took over and ran these countries for their own benefit). They leaned on the local populations, in places such as India and Egypt, to grow indigo, cotton, or other goods the Europeans needed for their factories. People in these countries were often forced to grow cotton or other cash crops (though these crops depleted the soil) to pay the taxes the imperial power imposed. This, however, supplied the mills back home. Likewise, the Europeans took control in the Congo to get...

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