Oedipus Rex Questions and Answers
by Sophocles

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What was Oedipus and Jocasta's relationship like in the play Oedipus Rex?

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In Oedipus Rex by Sophocles, the quality of the relationship between Oedipus and Jocasta is not clearly stated, in part because she is absent from most of the play. It is understood that the two of them have a good relationship, though it understandably changes once it is revealed that she is his mother. When she is first introduced in the play, she acts as a peacekeeper between her husband and her brother, Creon. She cares deeply for both men and does not want Oedipus to banish Creon based on prophecy:

JOCASTA: O, by the gods, believe him, Oedipus.
First, in reverence for his oath to the gods,
Next, for my sake and theirs who stand before you. . . .
Now free yourself of what you said, and listen.
Learn from me, no mortal man exists
Who knows prophetic art for your affairs.

Believing prophets to be false, she urges Oedipus to make peace with Creon. She can see that he is angry, and to help calm him, she explains how she was once told of a prophecy—that her first husband, Laius, would be killed by...

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