One way to look at the structure of the New Deal is to say that it was made up of three general types of programs. These were relief programs, recovery programs, and reform programs.
Relief programs were meant to give immediate assistance to those who were being hurt by the Depression. This included programs such as the Federal Emergency Relief Administration which gave money to unemployed people and funded jobs programs.
Recovery programs were meant to get the economy back to normal levels. These included programs such as the Federal Housing Agency, which gave loans in an attempt to create more demand for new housing.
Reform programs were meant to fix the system so that no further depressions could occur. These included programs such as the Tennessee Valley Authority, which increased economic potential in the South by building dams to generate power for the area.