How was Jesus betrayed, tried, crucified, and resurrected according to the New Testament?

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thanatassa eNotes educator| Certified Educator

First, we should note that the New Testament includes four Gospels each of which give slightly different accounts of these events. The Gospels of Mark, Matthew, and Luke, known as the synoptic gospels, are not completely consistent with the Gospel of John. Also, these accounts lack detailed corroboration by independent sources, and thus we cannot be absolutely certain of their historicity with respect to specific details, although it is unlikely that they were pure fabrications.

Judas Iscariot, one of the twelve original disciples of Jesus, betrayed Jesus in the Garden of Gethsemane after the Last Supper, by identifying Jesus to the soldiers. He did this in exchange for 30 silver coins.

Jesus was tried by Pontius Pilate who was prefect of the Roman province of Judaea. Although Pilate himself as portrayed in the New Testament considered Jesus relatively harmless and did not wish to execute him, in the Bible the crowds, especially the Jews, insisted that Jesus be condemned to death. 

Jesus was crucified on a cross between two thieves were were also being crucified at Golgotha. According to the New Testament, he died on the Cross, was buried, and then returned to life, not as a ghost or spirit, but as a physical presence, met with his disciples, and eventually ascended into Heaven. 

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