The NDEA (National Defence Educational Act) was nationwide in America, but I still cannot find a specific school or college that shows the changes after Sputnik.
There were definitely more science and space-related programs after Sputnik. I even saw an example where they send tomato seeds into space and then gave the seeds to schoolchildren to grow space tomatoes. They tried to get everyone involved in science.
I remember exactly where I was when JFK died - and I'm English. Looking back at US policy, Apollo was born as soon as Sputnik was launched. Now the Shuttle has been retired. I stayed up all night when I was thirteen years old to watch the moon landing live.
How has education been changed sputnik? The USA is still the world leader of advanced science.
American physics ed changed feverishly then but now it's lukewarm.
Got to ask yourself "What pays".
Intersting topic. At the time of Sputnik 1, I was teaching in a small school. At that time I could borrow films from the local library on a variety of topics. I had many "Industry aids to education" available. As more and more fedral money (extracted from the taxpauyers) was distributed the controls on who got what were tightened. ALL of the materials that I had been able to feely and easily access, were now only available through the government approved local I(ntermediate unit. The damage done by the massive infusion of grant money and attendent censorship by the "experts" in control has developed a culture that believes the experts are right and that individual development is to be channeled into approved activites. In my opinion this has destroyed public education. Education is no longer the goal. Training and indoctrination rule.
The changes were nationwide, in particular regards to the requirements students had for graduation. In order to groom potential future engineers and scientists, the NDEA raised all of those learning requirements, a process which still continues today to some degree.
Look at how many schools have Advanced Placement programs today. This program was also initially started under the NDEA, along with widespread federal financial aid to students that demonstrated promise in areas that might help a future American space program. This paid dividends, of course, as the 1960s program benefited from all of these actions.
It appears that you know the basic idea -- that the federal government started spending more money on education, particularly in the sciences and in some other areas that were seen as important for defense. I would suggest that you simply Google "NDEA" along with a university in your area. You might get something like the page at http://www.news.wisc.edu/17312. This link discusses the creation of language-learning centers at various universities as part of NDEA.