In A Tale of Two Cities, when Gabelle writes to Charles Darnay, pleaing with him to help him at the end of Book the Second, he addresses the letter, "Monsieur heretofore the Marquis." This address and the contents of his letter resurrect the old life in France for Charles Darnay, ne Evremonde. The revolutionaries have imprisoned Gabelle for treason; he is accused of acting against the people for an emigrant (Charles Evremonde). Even though Gabelle tells them that this "emigrant" has charged them no rent, has been their beneficiary, they continue to accuse him of treason.
It is because Charles Evremonde's uncle is the cruel Marquis that the revolutionaries want retribution from him by charging him with treason against the people. Gabelle pleads with Darnay to come and save him from death, and thus redeem him from certain death. After reading Gabelle's letter, Darnay makes the "desperate resolution" that he will travel to Paris in order to secure Gabelle's redemption and prevent Gabelle's being the victim of the people's revenge upon the aristocracy. However, once there, he is arrested and taken by an escort before Citizen Defarge and consigned to the Prison of La Force. When Darnay asks, under what law comes the charge, the officer tells him, "We have new laws, Evremonde," answers Monsieur Defarge. Madame Defarge will have her revenge.