The original Children’s Day was established for India by the United Nations. Because of the tireless work of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru for children, the event was planned on his birthday on November 14th of every year. The first celebration of the day in India was in 1954, with Pandit Nehru participating in the festivities himself. The function of Children’s Day in the earliest years was to raise funds for social programs that help children. Only social programs that worked to help children could participate in fundraising activities on this holiday. As an example, movie theaters would screen children’s movies and all of the proceeds from the day would be given to organizations that supported children.
After Nehru’s death in 1964, Children’s Day became an official national holiday and the its fundraising activities continued. Competitions and games were planned throughout the country for children. Efforts were made to entertain and educate underprivileged children. Clothes, toys, books and other items are distributed to poor, orphaned children. The earliest celebrations of Children’s Days were created to help children across all economic and cultural lines.