George Orwell wrote this allegory and based it on the Russian Revolution, which lead to the rise and fall of Communism in Russia. The animals were facing hardships of lack of food and care by their drunken farmer who is compared to the Czars of Russia. Old Major, an old boar, brings them together and teaches them “The Beast of England” to bind them together and to work for something better. Karl Marx, who invented Communism, died before the revolution and is represented by Old Major. Communism was supposed to make life easier for the Russian people, like Animalism was for the animals. In the end, a crafty few grabbed power like Napoleon the pig, who was based on Joseph Stalin. The common people were worse off after the revolution, just like the animals at Animal Farm.