Both Vivie and her mother are successful career women who take practical steps to make their ways in the world. Mrs. SWarren flouts Victorian convention in running a brothel. She is unconventional both in her activity and her authority. Vivie, in studying math at Cambridge and planning to run her own business remains true to her maternal inheritance of independence. Both women, however, are hampered in their relationships with each other by residual conventionalities of thought, Vivie in her shock at the brother and Mrs. Warren in her conventional understanding of family. For Shaw, the similarities in limitations of both women are a dramatization of the way the "new woman" requires not just the legal freedom to own and run a business, but a full transformation of familial and societal structures to achieve her potential.