How to use substitution to solve the system? x+3y=-7 2x+4y=-4
Solve the first equation for x.
x + 3y = -7
x = -7 - 3y
Now substitute (-7 - 3y) in for x in the second equation.
2x + 4y = -4
2(-7 - 3y) + 4y = -4
Solve to find the value of y.
-14 - 6y + 4y = -4
-14 - 2y = -4
-2y = 10
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Writting one variable with respect to the other will lead to an equation that contains only one variable.
We notice that it is more easier to substitute x, from the top equation.
x = -3y - 7
We'll substitute x by it's equivalent expression in the 2nd equation and we'll get an equation that contains a single variable instead of two:
2(-3y - 7) + 4y = -4
-6y - 14 + 4y = -4
-2y = 14 - 4
-2y = 10
y = 10/-2
y = -5
x = -3*(-5) - 7
x = 15 - 7
x = 8
The solution of the system is represented by the pair (8 ; -5).