How can I use the seven-step decision model to analyze the Mickey Mantle story?

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caitlinm3 | Middle School Teacher | (Level 2) Adjunct Educator

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Okay, let's start with the seven step decision model. The steps are:

1.) State the problem - What is the ethical question?

2.) Check facts - Is there really a problem?

3.) Identify relevant factors - People involved, professional standards, applicable laws, etc.

4.) Develop a list of options - What other actions or decisions are available?

5.) Test the options

6.) Make a choice

7.) Review 1-6 and ask what could be done so that this decision does not have to be made again?

Now, let's look at Mickey Mantle. Mantle was a phenomenal baseball player and full of natural talent. However, with a mix of multiple injuries, alcoholism, and no concern for his health, his career ended too soon. His alcohol abuse led to liver failure, resulting in a need for a liver transplant. Shortly after the transplant, Mantle died of cancer at the age of 63. Mantle never thought he would live past his early forties and, as a result, did not take care of himself. Most men in his family died early from Hodgkin's Disease. Mantle even said, "If I knew I was going to live this long I would have taken better care of myself."

The Mantle effect came about after Mickey Mantle's death as a way to look at life expectancy and the level of care for one's health. For example, if someone has a long life expectancy, their reasons for taking care of their personal health increase. Various risks are also calculated.

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