Akhmad kusuma, English Literature faculty member at Universitas Airlangga, points out that Treasure Island is a critique of materialism and an analysis of Marx's view of class warfare which puts upper-class individuals against the lower and middle classes.
The British, according to Akhmad kusuma, were occupied with the expansion of English influence into the New World.
Professor Akhmad kusuma attributes most of the character tragedies to their pursuit of materialism or shallow friendships that are motivated by greed.
However, some readers believe that Treasure Island is a simple timeless story of good vs. evil.
The good characters are betrayed by the pirates and continue to hunt for the treasure even when struggling for survival against Long John Silver and his supporters. The good characters prevail in the end, which may send a clear moral message.