How is the title "Anthills of Savannah" relevant to the text by Chinua Achebe?

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Jamie Wheeler | College Teacher | eNotes Employee

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Anthills, both metaphorically and literally, contain strength and numbers not readily visible on the surface.  In Achebe's novel, a few examples of this truism are the represenations of the power of writers.  Writers are often a force that work below the radar of those in power.  The storyteller is the one who carries the "seed" from one place to another, thus assuring the continuance of the people.  As Ikem says, "it is only the story that can continue beyond the war and the warrior … The story is our escort; without it, we are blind.’’ 

Another source of unrealized power is the strength of women.  In an anthill, the queen is all-powerful.  Without her, there would be no reason to survive.  Even though the "queen" exists below the surface and is frequently unseen, it is she who perpetuates the race and makes its existence meaningful.