How is the theme of death depicted through the character Mersault in the novel The Stranger by Albert Camus"?

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Three deaths are associated with Mersault: the death of his mother at the opening of the novel, the death of the Arab on the beach and Mersault's own death. 

While we may argue that the death of Mersault's mother is ultimately the cause of the other two deaths mentioned (with grief leading Mersault to psychological instability then murder and finally to the death sentence for Mersault), we may also argue a contrary point.

Mersault himself denies the connection between his mother's death and the murder he commits on the beach. 

Maintaining a complete disconnection between the first two deaths renders the last death "absurd", an event without understandable or underlying meaning. If Mersault killed the man on the beach for no reason, then there is no "reason" for him to be killed as punishment.

He is not an angry or insane murderer, in that case, not a grieving...

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