“Gunpowder empires” is a term used by historians when referring to the Ottoman, Safavid and Mughal empires of the Middle East and Southern Asia. These three empires used newly developed gunpowder weapons to create and maintain their vast empires. Their gunpowder weapons primarily took the form of cannon and small arms used in combat and sieges.
Technological superiority was incredibly important to their dominance in their respective areas and times, but equally important was the large, centralized government that was created in order to purchase or produce these new weapons. It would have been nearly impossible for these three empires to produce, distribute and utilize these weapons without this massive bureaucracy.
These three empires were able to use these advanced weapons to turn their parts of the world into the centers of culture.