How is technology critical to the success of a "Gunpowder Empire?"particularly the Ottoman?
This is a great question, because there are many misconceptions about Middle Eastern empires of the seventeenth century. According to historians, there were three "gunpower empires" - Ottoman, Safavid and Mughal.
Historians dub these empires as "gunpower empires," because they rose to power in part through firearms and small cannons. These empires also created highly structured governments, so that there would be great mobility to move armies and meet other needs.
Technology was important and crucial to these empires. To gain a upper hand in any military engagement or to run an empire technology was essential. For instance, the invention of gunpower was a huge advantage in combat. This put other nations without gunpower at a great disadvantage. One of the reasons why the Ottoman Turks was able to take over Constantinople was through their use of the Dardanelles cannon. We can say that military technology is a game changer.