How successful were diplomatic efforts in ending World War 2 and in establishing the terms of peace?

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The USA engaged in much diplomacy to end World War II, but not with its opponents.  The only thing acceptable to USA from its opponents was total surrender without conditions.  This stance by USA probably had the effect of prolonging the war, since no one wants to surrender without retaining some rights.  So in this respect you could say that lack of diplomacy with enemies had an effect on the ending of WW II.  It may have postponed the ending.

With Britain, on the other hand, USA engaged in much ongoing diplomacy.  Much discussion and arguing and compromise as to how to pursue victory in Europe, took place between war-leaders of Britain and USA, and at Tehran, Russia.  This finally led to a blueprint for smashing Germany, in which each of the three played big parts in ending World War II and establishing the terms of peace.

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Diplomatic efforts really had very little to do with ending World War II and setting the terms of the peace that was to follow.

The only way in which diplomacy came into play was in talks between the Allies.  In talks such as those at the Yalta Conference, the Allies decided what would be done with various defeated territories after the war.

When it came to Germany and Japan, however, the Allies demanded unconditional surrender from both countries.  These surrenders were gotten by military force -- in the case of Japan, by the use of atomic weapons -- and not by diplomacy.

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