How, specifically, is stem cell therapy used to treat Alzheimer's Disease?

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brettd eNotes educator| Certified Educator

I had to do some research on this one, and from although scientists have recently conducted successful lab tests in mice that show stem cells can slow the progression of the disease, there is no scientifically proven procedure or protocol that is currently successful in treating any of the 18 million people worldwide who suffer from Alzheimer's.

What the early research in these lab tests showed is that memory loss was significantly slowed when embryonic stem cells were injected into the memory portions of the brain in mice affected by the disease.  The tests have shown enough promise that large investments by medical research firms and governments around the world have been made into seeing if the success of these tests can be replicated in humans.

While scientists are optimistic that a treatment is on the horizon, as of yet, that is not the case.