How are souls made according to the Timaeus?I am not sure if I got the right interpretation from the text. I'd like to hear someone else's opinion and maybe some quotes from where they got this...

How are souls made according to the Timaeus?

I am not sure if I got the right interpretation from the text. I'd like to hear someone else's opinion and maybe some quotes from where they got this understanding. Thank you!

Asked on by tub63498

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literaturenerd | High School Teacher | (Level 2) Educator Emeritus

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According to the dialogue presented in Timaeus, the soul was necessary in order to make an object a whole in regards to intelligence and life ("put intelligence in soul, and soul in body"). In order for this to happen, wholeness, an object needed to be "endowed with soul and intelligence by the providence of God." For this to happen, the four elements (fire, water, air, and earth) needed to be included in the object to insure its balance, or proportion. As with all things, true balance comes from bonds, and the bonds were made by including all four elements. It is only through the use of all four elements which could insure proportion. Once balance was insured, the soul was placed at the center in order to insure that the balance remains proportional and centered.

The soul, also, needed to hold balance of its own. The soul, therefore, was created by balancing Sameness, Difference and Existence. Without the existence of sameness, difference, and existence, the soul would fail to be balanced and, therefore, fail to be able to exist itself.

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