How to solve the equation cos(2x+ pi/2)=cos(x- pi/2)?

Expert Answers
kjcdb8er eNotes educator| Certified Educator

If cos(A) = cos(B), then

case 1: A = n*2Pi+B, where n is an integer,

case2:  A = n*2Pi-B

A = 2x+pi/2,  B = x-pi/2


case 1:

2x+pi/2 = n*2pi+x-pi/2

x + pi = n*2pi

x = pi(2n-1), or x = -pi for n=0


case 2:

2x+pi/2 = n*2pi-(x-pi/2)

2x+pi/2 = n*2pi-x+pi/2

3x = n*2pi

x = 2nPi/3, or x = 0 for n=0

giorgiana1976 | Student

There are, at least, 2 methods of solving the equation given.

First, let's solve the equation as a general one:

2x+ pi/2 = +/- arccos(cos(x- pi/2)) + 2*k*pi

Let's find the positive solution:

2x+ pi/2 = x- pi/2 + 2*k*pi

We'll move the unknown to the left side:

2x-x=-pi/2 - pi/2 + 2*k*pi

x=-2*pi/2 + 2*k*pi

x=-pi + 2*k*pi

x= pi(2*k-1)

Let's find now the negative solution:

2x+ pi/2 = -x + pi/2 + 2*k*pi

After moving the unknown to the left and simplifying the similar terms, we'll have:

2x+x = 2*k*pi

3x = 2*k*pi

x = 2*k*pi/3

The solutions of the equation are:


Another manner of solving would be to transform the difference of functions into a product, using the formula:

cos a-cos b= 2*sin(a+b)/2*sin(b-a)/2

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