There is a difference between prejudice and discrimination. Prejudice is an attitude. Discrimination is an action. People who discriminate cause harm to those who are experiencing the discrimination. People who are prejudiced hold negative attitudes about a group of people, but unless they act upon their attitudes, their attitudes alone won’t harm a group of people.
There are various sociological factors for why prejudice and discrimination occur. One factor is that these ideas are taught either directly or indirectly. A person who hears a respected person in his or her life say negative things about a group may believe these things to be true. As a result, a person generalizes these beliefs to all people of the group. A person who sees discriminatory actions may think it is acceptable to act this way toward others.
Another factor involved is the fear of not conforming to the norms of a group to which a person belongs. If a person takes a different view regarding a group than his or...
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