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Happy to help! Informative paragraphs are not too difficult if you remember what you're trying to do--inform! That means you're explaining or telling someone about something. You're not trying to persuade or argue or analyze, you're just "telling."
So an informative paragraph is usually just a topic sentence, followed by three or four "facts" about that topic. And no matter what the topic, here's the usual format for an informative paragraph:
Topic Sentence: The topic sentence tells the reader what you're going to talk about. For instance: "There are three things every new students should know about our school."
First supporting sentence: The first supporting sentence should be a fact that supports or expands upon that topic sentence. So, if you were really writing about three things every new student should know, the next sentence could be the FIRST, and probably most important thing you thought the student should know.
Second supporting sentence: Guess what that would be! Yep. Another fact, or, for our imaginary paragraph, the SECOND thing the student should know.
Third supporting sentence: Okay, you''ve got it now, right? It's the LAST thing you think the student should know. This should be the least important one, just in case your reader doesn't have time to get through the whole paragraph.
Summary or concluding sentence: This sentence sort of restates the topic sentence, but it shouldn't sound exactly the same. So in our imaginary paragraph, the conclusion could be something like, "There are probably lots of other things a new students would want to know, but if you remember these three, you'll get off to a great start."
Easy, right? My students used to use a little shortcut outline that went:
It always seemed to work well for them, so I hope it also works well for you! Get to work now--and good luck!
The key to writing a good informing paragraph is to make sure you have three essential components in the paragraph. First, you need to have a topic sentence which will reflect the main idea of the paragraph. After reading the topic sentence, the reader should be able to tell what the paragraph will cover. Usually, but not always, the topic sentence is the first sentence of the paragraph. The next section of your paragraph is the body. Here is where you will have all of your supporting details to inform the reader about the main topic of the paragraph. Be sure to have all your facts in this section. Use examples to support each fact. Be detailed in this section. This section will make or break your paragraph. Finally, you will have a concluding sentence. This sentence will summarize the main points about which you have written.
Know Your Readers
When writing a good informing paragraph begin by taking your main topic and branching the sub-topics off to inform your reader of not only what your central gist is but where you'll be taking them during your shared journey.
For example informing with a story, a happening, or something explicitly captivating might just do the trick. And then you can branch your relating ideas from there.
It's also good practice to understand the context and who your audience (i.e., readers) is before you begin informing them of anything.
This my be easy if you're writing for your teacher, but if your paper should also consider your classmates too, then this may change the dynamics of how you go about informing. Go to it.
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