We need to use the racism of the past as a point of learning, an opportunity to analyze our own bias, and with great respect.
As you approach such an essay, the lastest election proves that we have come full circle. We have committed a great atrocity as a nation by allowing slavery for a period of time, however a great by-product that has come of it is that many African-Americans have escaped genocide and/or the AIDS epidemic.
We need to forgive the sin of the past and accept the positive that has come of it. We need to learn and teach our children through books like To Kill a Mockingbird that judgement, bias, and prejudice are wrong. Tolerance for ethnicity is necessary and a moral value that must be taught, that doesn't mean everyone must have the same cultural activity or expression.
We need to respect decendents of the slave trade and segregated schools by continuing to teach future generations about their sufferings and prevent suffering based on race from happening in the future.