How are Shakespearean sonnets anti-Petrarchan?

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Shakespearean sonnets were, obviously, named after Shakespeare, who wrote many famous sonnets.  The rhyme scheme is as follows: abab cdcd efef gg.  There are 3 quatrains and a couplet.  A quatrain is a 4-line stanza and a couplet is a 2-line stanza.  

A Petrarchan (or Italian sonnet) has a different rhyme scheme that allows for more variation.  It is as follows:  abba abba for the first 8 lines; the last 6 lines (a sestet) can be any rhyme scheme as long as it does not end in a couplet, but a common rhyme scheme is cdecde.  

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